The Westgate attack: some bloody precedents
25 September 2013, 11:03
Paris - The storming by masked gunmen of a teeming upmarket mall in Nairobi has unleashed the latest hostage crisis among several seen around the world over the past decade.
Below are some previous hostages crises:
- January 16-19, 2013
ALGERIA - A commando of 32 heavily armed Islamists from Mali carries out a massive hostage-taking at an Algerian gas field at Tiguentourine, 40 kilometres (25 miles) from In Amenas in the southeast of Algeria.
Hundreds of people are held hostage until a raid by Algerian security forces brings a bloody end to the crisis.
At least 37 hostages of different nationalities are killed, including Western and Asian nationals, as well as one Algerian hostage.
November 26-29, 2008
INDIA - Ten well-trained Islamic militants transform India's economic capital Mumbai into a war zone and leave a trail of bloodshed and devastation. The siege is finally ended 60 hours later, with at least 166 dead and more than 300 wounded. The dead include guests at luxury hotels and Israelis in a Jewish centre.
September 1-3, 2004
RUSSIA - Armed Chechen rebels take more than 1,000 people hostage at a school in the small town of Beslan in the mountainous region of North Ossetia in the turbulent North Caucasus.
A total of 331 people including 186 children are killed as pupils and their pupils were set to take part in a celebration on the first day of the school term.
October 23-26, 2002
RUSSIA - Chechen militants hold 912 people hostage at Moscow's Dubrovka theatre for three days.
The crisis ends when Russian special forces fill the building with an unknown gas to neutralise the attackers, who had threatened to blow up the venue unless Russia pulled its troops out of Chechnya.
The effects of the gas kill 125 people as well as the 40 attackers who are shot after being knocked out by the gas. The hostagetakers themselves kill five people.