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The road to the ICC

24 January 2012, 10:50

Nairobi - Below is a timeline of events in Kenya since post-electoral violence erupted in 2007-2008, after the International Criminal Court on Monday ruled four prominent figures should be tried over the unrest.

- December 27, 2007: Kenyans turn out in droves to vote between incumbent president Mwai Kibaki and Raila Odinga, his former ally who has become his main rival.

- December 29: Rioting breaks out in a Nairobi slum and in the west of the country, all Odinga strongholds, in response to the slow counting of the votes and mounting accusations of fraud.

- December 30: Kibaki is declared winner. New riots erupt in several Nairobi slums and other opposition strongholds in western Kenya and the coastal region.

- December 31: At least 104 people are killed in the west of the country.

- January 1, 2008: At least 74 bodies are discovered after a night of violence. Some 35 people, including women and children, are burned alive in a church near to the western town of Eldoret.

- January 26: The former UN secretary general Kofi Annan, mediating for the African Union, says he has witnessed systematic and grave abuses of human rights in the west of the country.

- February 11: The UN says up to 600,000 people have been displaced after the unrest.

- February 25: Police sources say more than 1,500 people have been killed in the political and ethnic violence. The majority were killed in the weeks following the election. A relative calm then descends on the country.

- February 28: Kibaki and Odinga sign a coalition accord, providing for the creation of a prime minister and two deputy prime ministers.

- April 13: Odinga is named prime minister.

- April 24: Kibaki and Odinga together visit the western Rift Valley, one of the violence’s hotspots, calling for reconciliation.

- March 31, 2010: The ICC authorises a probe into crimes against humanity during the post-electoral violence.

- December 15: The ICC’s prosecutor unveils the names of six suspects, including a deputy prime minister, on suspicion of being behind crimes against humanity committed during the violence. The suspects are split between the camps of Odinga and Kibaki.

- August 30, 2011: The ICC quashes Kenya’s appeal against the admissibility of the cases against the six top officials.

- January 23, 2012: The ICC rules that four of the six Kenyan officials, including two leading presidential hopefuls, should face trial over the violence.


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