Children of Africa the greatest casualties of conflict - report
17 June 2016, 10:38
Nairobi - Children in the African continent continue to be greatly affected by armed conflict, like nowhere else in the world, according to the United Nations Secretary General's Report on Children and Armed Conflict.
This revelation was made even as the world commemorated The Day of the African Child Thursday. This year’s theme was “Conflict and Crisis in Africa: Protecting all Children’s Rights.”
According to the report, armed groups in various African countries including Somalia and North Eastern Nigeria continue to indoctrinate and coerce children to take part in acts of violence.
There has also been a worrying trend of abduction of minors, the result of which has been an increase in human trafficking and enslavement. The most notorious incidents so far remain the kidnapping of 276 girls from a Secondary School in Nigeria in April 2014, and the abduction of more than 100 Ethiopian minors in a cross-border raid in April 2016.
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According to the report, the effects of war on children is not just limited to the physical injuries incurred by weapons, but also the psychological complications that arise from witnessing acts of violence.
"War violates every right of a child — the right to life, the right to be with his/her family and community, the right to health, the right to the development of the personality, and the right to be nurtured and protected," the Report indicates.
The Day of the African Child (DAC) is a worldwide annual event marked every 16th day of June, in memory of the 1976 massacre of Soweto children in the then apartheid South Africa.
The event which was initiated by Organization of African Unity, marks its 25th anniversary this year and aims to promote children’s rights across the world.
It is marked by Stakeholders from Governments, International Organizations and NGOs who come together to converse on the opportunities, challenges and probable solutions to the impediments to full realization of Children Rights.
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