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Find out what's causing your migraine and how to cure it naturally

15 April 2015, 10:43 Winnie Mwirikia

Perhaps you have experienced a recurrent throbbing headache, often on one side of the head, frequently accompanied by nausea, vomiting, and extreme sensitivity to light and sound? These are symptoms of a migraine.

Whatever the exact mechanism of the headaches, a number of things may trigger them.
Here are some self-care measures that can help ease the pain. Whether or not you take preventive medications, you may benefit from lifestyle changes that can help reduce the number and severity of migraines.

Avoid triggers. Bright lights and sun glare can induce migraines, and so can loud sounds. Unusual smells such as perfume, paint thinner, secondhand smoke and others can trigger migraines in some people. If certain foods or odors seem to have triggered your migraines in the past, avoid them.

Exercise regularly. Regular aerobic exercise reduces tension and can help prevent migraines. Choose any aerobic exercise you enjoy, including walking, swimming and cycling. Warm up slowly, however, because sudden, intense exercise can cause headaches. Relaxation may help ease the pain of a migraine headache.Relaxation techniques may include progressive muscle relaxation, meditation or yoga. Avoid Intense physical exertion, including sexual activity, that may provoke migraines.

Obesity is also thought to be a factor in migraine headaches, and regular exercise can help you maintain a healthy weight or lose weight.

Reduce the effects of estrogen. Fluctuations in estrogen seem to trigger headaches in many women with known migraines. Women with a history of migraines often report headaches immediately before or during their periods, when they have a major drop in estrogen.

Others have an increased tendency to develop migraines during pregnancy or menopause. Hormonal medications, such as oral contraceptives and hormone replacement therapy, also may worsen migraines. Some women, however, may find their migraines occur less often when taking these medications.

If you're a woman who has migraines and estrogen seems to trigger or make your headaches worse, you may want to avoid or reduce the medications you take that contain estrogen.These medications include birth control pills. Arrange with your doctor about the appropriate alternatives or dosages for you.

Read Also: Moody women face higher Alzheimer's risk

Do not stay hungry for more than 3 hours

Hunger causes migraines. Fluctuations in blood sugar can cause a cascade of escalating pain that sets up your response, so don't go longer than 3 hours without food. Include a lean protein whenever you eat to help keep glucose levels steady. Skipping meals or fasting also can trigger attacks. You should also ensure your food remains fresh and free from germs. Food poisoning also triggers migraines.

Drinks. Alcohol, especially wine, and highly caffeinated beverages may trigger migraines. Avoid reduce your caffeine and alcohol intake especially alcoholic beverages  that gives you a headache within 8 hours of consumption.

Get enough sleep. Get an adequate amount of sleep each night but don’t oversleep. It’s best to go to bed and wake up at regular times. Avoid sleep disruptions, missing sleep or getting too much sleep. Basically, establish a daily routine with regular sleep patterns and regular meals. In addition, try to control stress.

Rest and relax. Rest in a dark, quiet room when you feel a headache coming on. Place an ice pack wrapped in a cloth on the back of your neck and apply gentle pressure to painful areas on your scalp.

Keep a headache diary. It will help you learn more about what triggers your migraines and what treatment is most effective. Continue keeping your headache diary even after you see your doctor.

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- MyNews24

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