UN presses for rapid peace deal in DRC
21 October 2013, 15:13
Kinshasa - The United Nations pressed on Monday for progress
in efforts to bring peace to the Democratic Republic of Congo, amid signs that
talks between the government and rebels were heading towards failure.
The UN special envoys overseeing the faltering peace
negotiations in the Ugandan capital Kampala voiced concerns at the lack of a
comprehensive deal that would lead to the demobilisation of the M23 rebels
fighting in the chronically unstable east of the country.
"The envoys are concerned at the volatility in the
region and hope that additional progress on the significant remaining issues
can be made in the coming days," they said in a statement.
"The envoys further warn against any acts of
provocation and urge the parties to exert maximum restraint on the ground in
order for the dialogue to conclude."
But a senior Congolese government official in Kampala warned
Sunday that the negotiations were "heading slowly but surely towards
The official accused the M23 -- which last week spoke of
progress in the talks - of making new demands while the Kinshasa government was
The main bone of contention in the negotiations, which
resumed in September under pressure from regional African leaders, is the
question of amnesty for the rebels and their incorporation into the regular
"The envoys are concerned that the opportunity has not
yet been seized to come to terms on a comprehensive agreement that would lead
to the demobilisation of the M23," the UN statement said, nevertheless
commending the "good faith efforts" of the Kinshasa government to
reach a deal.
"The envoys strongly urge the M23 to cease immediately
all forms of violence and destabilising activities and that its members
immediately and permanently disband and lay down their arms in line with UN
Security Council Resolution 2098."
The M23 controls an area of around 700 square kilometres in
the mineral-rich but conflict-prone east of the DRC that borders Rwanda and
The group was founded by former Tutsi rebels who were
incorporated into the Congolese army under a 2009 peace deal.
Complaining the deal was never fully implemented, they
mutinied in April 2012, turning their guns on their former comrades and
launching the latest rebellion to ravage the east.
The United Nations regularly accuses Rwanda and Uganda of
supporting the M23, something both countries deny.
A heavily-armed 3 000-strong UN intervention brigade joined
17 000 peacekeepers already deployed with a mission to carry out offensive
operations against the rebel fighters, who are accused of human rights abuses
including rape, murder and recruiting child soldiers.