Morsi refuses to quit amid new bloodshed
03 July 2013, 08:49
Cairo - Egypt's President Mohamed Morsi vowed he would not
quit despite mass protests demanding his resignation and an army ultimatum as
fresh deadly violence rocked capital Cairo.
In a televised address on Tuesday evening, the embattled
Islamist leader said he had been freely elected to lead the troubled nation
little more than a year ago and intended to stick to his task.
The only alternative to respecting the constitutional
legitimacy of the office was further bloodshed on the streets, he warned.
16 supporters shot dead
Just hours after his speech, the health ministry reported
that unidentified gunmen had killed 16 people and wounded about 200 more after
opening fire on a rally of his supporters in Cairo.
"Sixteen people have been killed and 200 wounded in an
attack on a demonstration supporting President Morsi next to Cairo University,"
state television reported, citing the ministry.
"The aggressors attacked us with firearms," one
Morsi supporter, Mostafa Abdelnasser, told AFP by telephone, adding that he
carried away a man who had been shot in the head.
On Tuesday, seven people were killed and dozens wounded
during clashes which included gunfire between supporters and opponents of Morsi
in the southern Guizeh district of the capital, medical sources told AFP.
Clashes also erupted in the Cairo neighbourhood of Helwan
and the northern province of Beheira, security officials said.
Morsi's speech came as the clock ticked down to a Wednesday
deadline set by the army for the president to meet the "people's
demands" or have a solution imposed on him.
While he made no direct reference to the ultimatum in his
speech, a message posted on his official Twitter account called on the army to
"President Morsi insists on (his) constitutional
legitimacy and rejects any attempt to overstep it," the message said.
"(He) calls on the armed forces to withdraw their
warning and rejects any dictates, domestic or foreign."
After Morsi's speech, the opposition Tamarod movement, which
on Sunday mobilised millions of demonstrators for what the military described
as the biggest protests in Egyptian history, accused Morsi of "threatening
his own people".
Morsi and army chief Abdel Fattah al-Sisi were locked in talks
on Tuesday to "discuss the current crisis," a military source said.
The army's ultimatum on Monday drew a rapturous welcome from
opponents of the president but his supporters accused the generals of preparing
a return to the unpopular military rule of the months between the overthrow of
former president Hosni Mubarak and Morsi's swearing-in last year.
Government daily Al-Ahram, in its online edition, reported
details of the demands set out by the army.
The army told Morsi to step down if he could not come up
with a plan that would satisfy the masses calling for him to go, or face being
removed, it reported.
The plan provided for an interim administration of up to a
year to replace him, which would include the head of the supreme constitutional
court and a senior army figure, the paper reported.
The constitution, controversially approved by Morsi's
Islamist allies last December, would be suspended for up to a year while a new
one was drawn up.
There would be presidential and legislative elections under
terms set by the new constitution, which itself would be put to a referendum.
But in his speech, Morsi said respect for the constitutional
order was the "only guarantee against further bloodshed."
"The people chose me in free and fair elections,"
and he would "continue to shoulder his responsibilities" as Egypt
struggles with the legacy of decades of authoritarian rule.
Once again, he accused supporters of the ousted Mubarak of
trying to sow chaos and incite violence.
The president renewed his appeal to the opposition to join a
dialogue, an appeal already repeatedly rejected as a sham.
The main opposition June 30 Front coalition said it was
ready to join urgent talks on the negotiated transition called for by the army.
The Front, which includes the grassroots Tamarod movement,
named former UN nuclear watchdog chief Mohamed ElBaradei as its chief
In addition to the 16 deaths at the pro-Morsi rally, seven
other people were killed and dozens more injured in clashes in the capital
between the president's supporters and opponents.
As political uncertainty grew on Tuesday, Morsi was hit with
a spate of resignations, including that of his foreign minister Mohammed Kamel
Presidential spokesperson Ehab Fahmy and cabinet spokesperson
Alaa al-Hadidi also resigned, officials and the media reported.
US President Barack Obama, whose government is a major
military aid donor to Egypt, called Morsi to warn him that the voices of all
Egyptians must be heard, a White House official said.
Washington was committed to "the democratic process in
Egypt and does not support any single party or group," Obama told him.
Morsi's opponents accuse him of having betrayed the
revolution by concentrating power in Islamist hands and of sending the economy
His supporters say he inherited many problems from a corrupt
regime, and that he should be allowed to complete his term, which runs until