Ghana's Turkson faces criticism abroad
07 March 2013, 17:07
Cape Coast - Ghana's Peter Turkson, one of Africa's two
candidates considered eligible to become the next pope, has earned respect as a
peacemaker at home, but faced criticism abroad over a controversial video.
The 64-year-old cardinal and head of the Vatican's
Pontifical Council for Justice and Peace is considered progressive by some
supporters, and his mediation during a tight Ghanaian election in 2008 won him
But his image was marred last year after he showed an
alarmist video on Muslim immigration in Europe at a synod. He later apologised.
Turkson is one of two Africans who could replace retiring
Pope Benedict XVI, alongside South African Wilfrid Napier. When Benedict
announced his resignation, bookmakers gave Turkson good odds at being elected.
Following Benedict's announcement, there have been calls for
an African to be elected pope.
Advocates of such a move point out that the Roman Catholic
Church has seen rapid growth in Africa - currently home to some 15% of the
world's 1.2 billion Catholics - in contrast to other regions of the world.
Parishioners and clergy remember Turkson as a learned,
patient leader for 17 years of Ghana's oldest archdiocese, the archdiocese of
Supporters shrugged off the video controversy, but were
mixed about whether he would be chosen as the first black pope.
Solace and comfort
"He's a priest for the people. A bishop for the people.
A cardinal for the people," said Joseph Ernest Arthur, administrator of
St. Frances De Sales Cathedral in Cape Coast.
"And therefore... it is our desire that in the next
conclave, he also becomes the pope for the people."
There are about three million Catholics in Ghana, a country
of 24 million considered one of the most stable and democratic in West Africa.
Turkson was in charge of the archdiocese of Cape Coast from
1992 to 2009. Those who knew him say they are not surprised that one of their
own could be in the running for the top job.
Vicar-general of the archdiocese Isaac Ebo-Blay related the
story of Turkson paying a personal late-night visit to a woman who was
suffering from breast cancer.
"We went there and his presence touched a woman who was
really in pain," Ebo-Blay said. "I was with him that evening and I
could see that the visit brought a kind of solace and comfort to the
Arthur meanwhile remembered that Turkson sent a priest to a
seminary to study Islam, so the church could better relate to Ghana's 3.8
During Ghana's 2008 election, when less than one percent of
the vote separated two candidates and many feared political violence, Turkson
mediated between the two parties, gaining respect for his efforts.
Dream of a black pope
He repeated the peacemaker role in 2011, when Benedict asked
him to go to Ivory Coast to mediate between Laurent Gbagbo, who lost a
presidential election but refused to concede, and his opponent Alassane
But the violence raging in Ivory Coast that would kill at
least 3 000 people meant that Turkson found himself stuck in Ghana, unable to
access the neighbouring country's main city Abidjan.
Back in his days in Cape Coast, parishioner Matthew Owusu
said you could tell when Turkson, who speaks a number of languages, was holding
mass by the occasional Latin word he would throw in.
"He encouraged children and youth to learn Latin,"
Owusu said. Turkson's personal motto, Owusu said, is "Vivere Christus
est," which means "To live is Christ."
But Catholics were divided over whether he will make the
"We all pray so that one day the dream of a black pope
becomes real. It is God who ordains," Owusu said. "I think he stands
Patrick Amedeka, a student at St. Peter's Seminary, where
Turkson was once vice-rector, was less hopeful.
"I don't expect that he would be a pope this era,"
Amedeka said. "I know that the church is a spiritual institution, but it's
also a human institution. There are other candidates out there."