Fears of more violence in chaotic Egypt
01 July 2013, 14:05
Cairo - Hundreds of thousands thronged the streets of Cairo
and cities around the country on Sunday and marched on the presidential palace,
filling a broad avenue for blocks, in an attempt to force out the Islamist
president with the most massive protests Egypt has seen in 2½ years of turmoil.
In a sign of the explosive volatility of the country's
divisions, young protesters mainly from the surrounding neighbourhood pelted
the main headquarters of President Mohammed Morsi's Muslim Brotherhood with
stones and firebombs, and at one point a fire erupted at the gates of the
walled villa. During clashes, Brotherhood supporters barricaded inside opened
fire on the attackers, and activists said at least five protesters were killed.
At least five more anti-Morsi protesters were killed on Sunday
in clashes and shootings in southern Egypt.
Fears were widespread that the collisions between the two
sides could grow more violent in coming days. Morsi made it clear through a spokesperson
that he would not step down and his Islamist supporters vowed not to allow
protesters to remove one of their own, brought to office in a legitimate vote.
During the day on Sunday, thousands of Islamists massed not far from the
presidential palace in support of Morsi, some of them prepared for a fight with
makeshift armour and sticks.
The protesters aimed to show by sheer numbers that the
country has irrevocably turned against Morsi, a year to the day after he was
inaugurated as Egypt's first freely elected president. But throughout the day
and even up to midnight at the main rallying sites, fears of rampant violence
did not materialise.
Instead the mood was largely festive as protesters at giant
anti-Morsi rallies in Cairo's central Tahrir Square and outside the Ittihadiya
palace spilled into side streets and across boulevards, waving flags, blowing
whistles and chanting.
"We want him out"
Fireworks went off overhead. Men and women, some with small
children on their shoulders, beat drums, danced and sang, "By hook or by
crook, we will bring Morsi down." Residents in nearby homes showered water
on marchers below - some carrying tents in preparation to camp outside the
palace - to cool them in the summer heat, and blew whistles and waved flags in
"Mubarak took only 18 days although he had behind him
the security, intelligence and a large sector of Egyptians," said Amr
Tawfeeq, an oil company employee marching toward Ittihadiya with a Christian
friend. Morsi "won't take long. We want him out and we are ready to pay
The massive outpouring against Morsi raises the question of
what is next. Protesters have vowed to stay on the streets until he steps down,
and organizers called for widespread labour strikes starting on Monday. The
president, in turn, appears to be hoping protests wane.
For weeks, Morsi's supporters have depicted the planned
protest as a plot by Mubarak loyalists. But their claims were undermined by the
extent of Sunday's rallies. In Cairo and a string of cities in the Nile Delta
and on the Mediterranean coast, the protests topped even the biggest protests
of the 2011's 18-day uprising, including the day Mubarak quit, 11 February,
when giant crowds marched on Ittihadiya.
It is unclear now whether the opposition, which for months
has demanded Morsi form a national unity government, would now accept any
concessions short of his removal. The anticipated deadlock raises the question
of whether the army, already deployed on the outskirts of cities, will
intervene. Protesters believe the military would throw its weight behind them,
tipping the balance against Morsi.
The country's police, meanwhile, were hardly to be seen
Sunday. In the lead-up to Sunday, some officers angrily told their commanders
they would not protect the Brotherhood from protesters, complaining that police
are always caught in the middle, according to video of the meeting released
"If the Brothers think that we will give up and leave,
they are mistaken," said lawyer Hossam Muhareb as he sat with a friend on
a sidewalk near the presidential palace. "They will give up and leave
after seeing our numbers."
Violence could send the situation spinning into explosive