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DRC rebels enter Goma, clashes escalate

20 November 2012, 16:56

Goma - Rebels, widely believed to be backed by Rwanda, entered the city of Goma in eastern Democratic Republic of Congo on Tuesday, escalating clashes between the insurgents and the UN-backed Congolese troops defending it.

The M23 rebellion has aggravated tensions between DRC and its neighbour Rwanda, which Kinshasa's government says is orchestrating the insurgency as a means of grabbing the chaotic region's mineral wealth. Rwanda denies the assertion.

A Reuters witness said fighters from the M23 rebel group were advancing by foot along the road to the city centre where sustained lights arms fire rang out - the first clear evidence they had entered the provincial capital of North Kivu province after days of fighting along the outskirts.

"What has probably happened is that they've infiltrated the town in small numbers," Lieutenant General Chander Prakash, the Goma-based force commander for the UN peacekeeping mission in RDC, known as Monusco.

He added that rebels had been pushed back by the UN and army forces from Goma airport after a morning assault.

Streams of residents headed for the nearby border with Rwanda, saying they had been ordered to evacuate by the army. More than 50 000 people who fled fighting earlier this year have abandoned refugee camps around Goma, a city on the Rwandan border with a population of 1 million.

"With the war, we're suffering so much, I've never seen anything like this in my life," a woman who gave her name only as Aisha told Reuters, clutching her three children.


M23 is led by mutinying soldiers who rose up eight months ago, contending that DRC’s government violated a 2009 peace deal that was meant to integrate them into the army.

The UN experts, however, support the view that Rwanda, which has intervened in DRC repeatedly over the last 18 years, is behind the revolt.

Goma's capture would be an embarrassment for President Joseph Kabila, who won re-election late last year in polls that triggered widespread riots in Kinshasa and which international observers said were marred by fraud.

The vast central African nation was shattered by wars between 1994 and 2003 that killed about 5 million people. Many eastern areas are still plagued by violence from a variety of rebel groups, despite the UN-backed efforts to defeat them.

The United Nations has about 6 700 peacekeeping troops in North Kivu, including at least 1 400 troops in and around Goma.

Another neighbour of DRC, Uganda, blamed the escalation of fighting in eastern DRC on a leaked UN report that accused it and Rwanda of supporting Congolese rebels, a document Kampala said damaged its mediation efforts.

Uganda has vigorously denied the UN charges, which emerged in October, and Junior Foreign Affairs Minister Asuman Kiyingi said Kampala had been forced to retreat from its mediating role.

"Uganda was mediating in this conflict ... and we had managed to restrain M23," Kiyingi told Reuters.

"Then the UN comes up with these wild and baseless allegations against us and we decided to step aside and leave the situation to them and now you see the results," he said.

Uganda has threatened to pull its troops out of peacekeeping operations in Somalia unless the UN allegations are withdrawn.

- Reuters


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