Court rules Egypt's legislature illegal
03 June 2013, 10:17
Cairo - Egypt's highest court ruled on Sunday that the nation's
Islamist-dominated legislature and constitutional panel were illegally elected,
dealing a serious blow to the legal basis of the Islamists' hold on power.
The ruling by the Supreme Constitutional Court says that the legislature's
upper house, the only one currently sitting, would not be dissolved until the
parliament's lower chamber is elected later this year or early in 2014.
The constitutional panel has already dissolved after completing the charter.
The ruling deepens the political instability that has gripped the country
since the overthrow of authoritarian leader Hosni Mubarak more than two years
The same court ruled to dissolve parliament's lower chamber in June, a move
that led to the promotion of the normally toothless upper chamber, the Shura
Council, to becoming a law-making house.
The Shura Council, long derided as nothing more than a talk shop, was
elected by about 7% of the electorate last year.
It was not immediately clear whether the ruling on the 100-member
constitutional panel would impact in any way on the charter it drafted.
The constitution was adopted in a nationwide vote in December with a
relatively low turnout of about 35%.
But even if it does not, the ruling will question the legal foundations of
the disputed charter pushed through by allies of Islamist President Mohammed
Morsi in an all-night session late last year.
Critics say the charter restricts freedoms and gives clerics a say in
The Islamists who drafted it hail the document as the best one Egypt has
In what appeared to be an attempt to remove any confusion over the ruling,
Morsi's office issued a brief statement in which it emphasised that all state
institutions must respect the constitution, that the Shura Council will
continue to function as the nation's legislature and that the president will
ensure that all the branches of state are fully functioning.
Regardless of its consequences on the ground, Sunday's ruling is likely to
prolong the polarising political transition that followed Mubarak's overthrow.
Rival political groups disagree not just on policies and the future course
of the nation but on the legitimacy of the basic institutions of government.
It will give heart to the mostly secular and liberal opposition, while
providing fresh ammunition to the argument often repeated by the president's
supporters that the judiciary is filled with Mubarak loyalists determined to
derail the nation's political process.
Morsi, elected nearly a year ago, tried to reinstate parliament's lower
chamber just days after he came to office on 30 June but eventually bowed to
the court ruling and backed down.